SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...

^ SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE


All the tunes containing more than one nuclear tone are called compound.

The Fall + Rise is a combination of the High Fall and the Low Rise.

The SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... fall and the rise always occur on separate syllables. The fall starts from a very high level and ends very low. Any syllables occurring between the High Fall and the Low SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... Rise are said on a very low pitch. Notional words are stressed. The fall­ing part marks the idea which the speaker wants to empha­size and the rising part marks an SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... addition to this main idea.

The combination of the High Fall with the Low Rise is used in sentences expressing highly emotional reaction to the situation. It is often heard:

1. In statements, sounding apologetic SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in..., appreciative, grateful, regretful, sympathetic, persuasively reassuring, pleading, plaintive.

е.g. Whose turn is it then? — It's `mine ,actually.

How did this get broken? — I'm most `terribly ,sorry.

2. In SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... questions:

a) In special questions, sounding plaintive, pleading, weary, despairing; sometimes warm, sympathetic.

е.g. Sorry I'm late. — Oh why „can't you „come on /time for once?

b) In general questions, conveying a SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... plaintive, pleading, sometimes impatient tone.

е.g. He played very badly today. — Will he ever be any ,better d'you think?

3. In imperatives, sounding plaintive, pleading, reproachful.

е.g. It SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...'s all so depressing. — `Cheer ,up. (It can't „last for ,ever.)

I've nothing to do with it. — Now `do be ,reason-able, Charles.

4. In exclamations, warm, sympathetic, encourag­ing, sometimes plaintive SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in..., puzzled, surprised.

Greetings and leave-takings sound pleasant and friendly being pronounced this way.

е.g. Good night, Peggy. — Good night, Mrs. ,Smith. See you on Friday. — Right you ,are!

EXERCISES

1. Listen carefully SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... to the following conversational situations. Concen­trate your attention on the intonation of the replies:

^ Verbal Context

Drill

Statements

(sounding apologetic, appreciative, grateful, regretful, sympathetic, persuasively reassuring, pleading, plaintive)

Don't you like SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... it?

I don't, frankly.

Any news of Tim?

He's coming home soon.

Haven't you finished it yet?

I've only just begun it, as a matter of SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... fact.

It looks like rain, I'm afraid.

Perhaps it would be better to stay at home in that case.

I've had it six years now.

You'll be buying a new one SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... soon, I imagine.

Whyever bring a mac?

It was raining when I left this morning.

I thought of going for a stroll.

I'll come too, if I may.

It was quite SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... an accident

But I told you not to touch it.

So it was you who borrowed my spade.

I do hope you didn't mind.

He's accepted your offer.

I didn SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...'t dream he'd take me seriously.

It's a wonderful photo.

I knew you'd like it.

Help? Certainly.

I was sure I could count on you.

But why didn't you tell SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... me?

So sorry.

I thought you ought to know.

Thank you for telling me, I do appreciate it.

I really must go now.

I do hope you have a com­fortable SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... journey.

It's all so discouraging.

I know exactly how you feel.

Sorry I haven't returned it yet.

That's quite all right. I'm in no particular hurry for SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... it.

I've already been waiting a year.

Then surely a few more days won't make much difference.

It's an absolute scandal.

There's no need to get so worked up SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... about it.

I do wish he'd mind his own business.

But he was only trying to be helpful.

What's happened to Jack?

It's always the same. He SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...'s hardly ever on time.

I'm afraid he failed his exam.

I'm not at all surprised. He did absolutely no work for it.




Special questions

(sounding plaintive, pleading, weary, despairing, arm,sympathetic)

It was SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... my treat.

How much was it?

How big did you say it was?

Oh, why don't you listen, Charley?

Three thousand he paid for it.

When will the poor fool learn SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... wit?

Did you call, Frank?

Yes, what's the time please?

I have to go out now.

When will you be back, d'you think?




General questions

(sounding plaintive, pleading SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in..., sometimes impatient)

Perhaps I could help.

Do you think you соuld?

Come and have a game, Phil.

Will you stop bothering me? Can't you see I'm busy?

May I have another SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... bun?

D'you really think you can eat it?




Imperatives

(sounding plaintive, pleading, reproachful)

I'm afraid I've lost it.

Never mind.

Quickly.

Wait a minute.

What's all the knocking 'about SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...?

Oh, don't just sit there. Open the door.

What's upsetting you?

Do shut the door. There's such a draught.

I really must go.

Please stay a little longer.

I SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...'d willingly fetch some more.

Please don't bother on my account.

Whatever shall I do?

Carry on as usual, if you can.

When shall I start?

Start right away, if that's convenient SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... for you.




Exclamations

(warm, sympathetic, encouraging, plaintive, puzzled, surprised)

I've invited him for tea.

Jolly good! Good show!

That's the second time he's failed.

Poor old Peter!

I SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... thought I asked you to make up the fire.

All right!

And we'll have a new car­pet.

Just a second! (Where's the money coming from?)

Here I am at last.

Hullo SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in..., Stephen! (It is good to see you.)

2. listen to the replies and repeat them in the intervals. Start the fall high enough.

^ 3. Listen to the Verbal Context and reply to it in SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... the intervals.

4. In order to fix the intonation pattern in your mind, ear and speech habits, pronounce each reply several times until it sounds perfectly natural to you.

5. Listen to a SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... fellow-student reading the replies, point out his errors in pronunciation.

^ 6. Use the Fall + Rise in the replies. Say what attitude you mean to render

Verbal Context

Drill

How's your mother getting SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... on?

She's off to the Crimea in a week.

And when do we start?

At nine in the morning, imagine.

Whose plan is it then?

It's Fred's, 1 suppose.

But you said SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... he lived in St. Petersburg.

So he did, the last time I heard from him.

Oughtn't she to tell father?

She did, apparently.

You're going out in the SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... rain?

Yes. I like walking in such weather.

What's the film like?

It's not bad, actually.

I wonder where the children are.

Oh, there they are.

I thought you finished your.-work SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... at five.

So I do, usually.

I'm a student of the Univer­sity now.

I'd love to study at the Uni­versity.

Oh, why are you late?

I SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...'m awfully sorry. It was not my fault.

(Can I borrow your um­brella?)

I seem to have lost mine.

She got the leading part in the new play.

I didn't know she SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... was such a good actress.

It's a wonderful picture!

I knew you'd like it.

I missed you so much.

You can't imagine how glad I'm to see you SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in....

My mother is dangerously ill, Jane.

You have all my sympathy. Sorry, I can't come and help you, dear.

I feel so miserable, mother.

What's the matter, dearest SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...?

No, you mustn't go to the cinema today.

But I've only been there once this week.

I think, I'll never be happy again.

Oh, you'll soon get over SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... it.

I tell you, I won't do it.

Why are you always so ob­stinate?

You must follow her advice.

Must I always do as she says?

I'm going to get up.

Now SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in..., don't be so silly. (You'll catch another cold.)

Mummy, I'm bored, come and play with me.

When are you going to stop bothering me?

You must bring SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... the book at once.

Would you mind waiting until evening?

I must go now.

Good night, Jane!

Oh dear, oh dear! What shall 1 do?

Do stop crying! What's the matter?

May SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... I come and see you on Monday?

Do you really think you can come?

(Come, Margaret. It is too late.)

I insist on going home im­mediately.

(Here you are at last.)

I am SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... happy to see you.

I think I'll never do it.

Oh, don't say that!

Mother, I've lost your gloves.

I told you not to take them SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in....

But I can't speak English.

Yes, you can.

Do you really want him to come?

I wish he would.

Are you ready, Bill?

No, I can't work it out for SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... myself.

No, no, I shall never do it

Now, do be reasonable.

Do you write poetry?

I do, occasionally.

Would you like to hear one of my records?

(Oh, I'd love to.) I SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... adore music.

How are you, Mrs. Nelson?

Very well indeed, thank you.

Do you' have milk in your tea, Tony?

Yes, please.

How is your daughter, Mrs. Smith?

She is staying SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... with my mother for a few days.

What's her name?

That's the third time you've asked me that.

She's failed the second time today.

What a disappointment for SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... her!
^ 7. Say the following sentences with a) the High Fall + the Low Rise; b) the Descending Head + the Low Rise. Observe the difference in attitudes:

Verbal Context

Drill

I love marmalade!

Don't eat SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... it all at once.

I must be off now. Good-bye!

Let me see you again to­morrow.

Would you like a cup of tea?

Yes, please.

Here I am, Mother.

Where have you been SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... all this time?

Why don't you join our golf club?

I think I shall one of these days.

He has been away for two hours.

Don't worry. It's SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... not too late.

(Look! Everything is white!)

I thought it was going to snow.

(Cheer up!)

I do hope you'll pass your exam.

He said he forgot to ring you up SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in....

Was that the real reason?

Your son was late for the first lesson today.

I was afraid he might be late.

(Oh, stop bothering me, child.)

Can't you see I'm SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... tired?

Will you post this letter for me?

All right.

Good morning, David.

Hullo there.

I thought 1 asked you to go to the dean's office.

All right. Just a minute.
^ 8. Give SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... your own replies to the Verbal Context of Ex. 1 and 6. 9. Read the following situations. Convey the attitudes suggested in brackets:
Don't cry. I wish I hadn't been so rude. You SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... have all me sym­pathy. (regret, sympathy)

Oh, tell me it is not true! Lie to me! Lie to me! Tell me it is not true! (pleading)

Oh, what a SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... dear little puppy! (sincere appreciation)

Thank you so much. (sincere gratitude)

I don't think it will last long. (reassuring)

I think I'll go to bed. I'm so tired. (plaintive)
10. Listen to SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... the dialogue on the tape ("Dinner-table Talk"). Pick out sentences containing the High Fail + the Low Rise. Say what attitude is conveyed in them. Use these sentences in conversational situations SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... of your own. ^ 11. Listen to the Verbal Context and express sympathy in the replies. Use the proper intonation pattern:

Verbal Context

Drill

Oh I'm cold.

Poor thing! I do think, it's a pity. I SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...'m so sorry! Never mind.

He says he's ill.

What a disappointment! Can you imagine it! Too bad! Bad luck! Just fancy! Things do happen!

I can't come SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... this evening.

Oughtn't you to be ashamed of it! What a disappointment! How extraordinary!

I haven't seen Jenny for ages!

Terrible, isn't it! Too bad for words! Good Heavens! How very SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... peculiar! What a pity!

Janet seems to be avoiding me.

Isn't she a fool! What a tragedy! I simply can't think! I do think it's a pity!

You SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...'ve мейд the same mistake again.

Aren't I a fool! Good Heavens! Fancy that! I simply can't think! What a shame!

The jacket's worn out already.

What a SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... disappointment! Poor me! What a pity!

Michael has just died.

Perfectly horrid! Too bad for words! What a tragedy! Wasn't it absolutely tragic!

They won't help us.

Wouldn't it be SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... simply appalling. Oughtn't they to be ashamed of it! Beastly, isn't it!
^ 12. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear and re­produce intonation in conversation SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in....
a) Listen to the dialogue "About the Job" carefully, sentence by sen­tence. Write it down. Mark the stresses and tunes. The teacher will help you to correct your variant. Practise reading each sentence of SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... your correct­ed variant after the cassette-recorder.

b) Record your reading. Play the recording back immediately for your teacher and your fellow-students to detect your errors. Practise SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... the dialogue for test reading.
^ 13. Make up conversational situations, using the following phrases:
He hasn't even got to ... yet.

That's my idea of ... .

Are you sure you don't want SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... to be ...?

Is it my ... we're planning, or yours?

No, I'm sorry, ... but I... .

Look here.

All right, all right, there is no need to ... .

I really wanted to be SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... ... .

I haven't мейд up my mind yet.

Maybe not.

Well, that's not the way I look at it.

You haven't answered my question yet.

I don't want to at SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... all.
^ 14. Make up a dialogue about your future profession. 15. This exercise is meant to develop your ability to hear intonation and reproduce it in reading and narration.
a) listen to the joke "Nothing SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... to Complain About", sentence by sen­tence. Write it down. Mark stresses and tunes. Practise the joke for test reading.

b) Listen to the narration of the joke. Observe the peculiarities in SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... intonation-group division, pitch, stress and tempo. Note the use of tempo­rizers. Reproduce the model narration of the joke.
^ 16. This exercise is meant to test your ability to analyze SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... and reproduce material for reading and retelling.
a) Read the jokes silently to make sure you understand each sentence. Underline the sentence expressing the essence of the joke. Split up each sentence into SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... intonation groups if necessary. Locate the communicative centre of each sentence. Mark the stresses and tunes, concentrating your attention on the attitude expressed. It is not expected that each student will SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... mark the story in exactly the same way. Discuss your variants in class. The teacher will help you to choose the best variant. Practise your corrected variant for test reading.

b) Retell SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... the jokes in your own words:

No Music Lessons

Once the teacher asked his pupil: "Bobby, how many fingers have you?" The pupil answered at once: "I have ten fingers."

The teacher asked him another SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... question: "Well, if four were missing what would you have then?" "No music lessons," was the answer.

^ At the Lessen

"Well, Alex, how much is two plus one?" asked the teacher, "I don SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in...'t know, sir," answered the boy. "Well, Alex! Fancy I give you two dogs and then one dog more. Mow many dogs have you now?" "Four dogs," the boy answered timidly. "Why SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in..., Alex?" "Because I have one dog already, sir."

----------------

One morning a boy was going by a London bus to school. He had a cold and was sniffing all the time SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... and so loudly that the people began to look at him and shake their heads. An old gentleman was sitting next to the boy. He suffered the boy's sniffing for some SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... time but at last lost his patience and said: "Haven't you got a handkerchief, my boy?"

"Yes, I've got a clean handkerchief in my pocket," said the boy, "but I can't SECTION FIVE Compound Tunes FALL + RISE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in... let you have it. Mother says it is not polite to ask anybody for a handkerchief. You must use your own."


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